It is a way of challenging officer’s decision on an application. There are certain rules set out by Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada, to assure that every individual is given equal opportunity to make Canada as their new destination.
If an application is refused, you can appeal the officer’s decision in Immigration Appeal Division.
Some of the common examples of appeal include, but not limited to:
Appeal for Residency obligations- Permanent resident of Canada, does not meet the minimum residency requirement of 730 days in Canada, within their 5 years period.
Appeals for family class sponsorship applications.
Appeal for removal order issued against a Permanent Resident, refugee or a protected person.
The decision of IAD varies depend on the situation. The officer has discretion to consider Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds to overturn the regulation.